What is the difference between Alzheimer’s and dementia?
Whilst dementia and Alzheimer’s disease display many similar symptoms, they are not exactly the same.
Dementia is not a specific disease - it is a syndrome demonstrating a set of symptoms that may include memory troubles, communication and language problems, loss of the ability to focus and pay attention, difficulties with reasoning and judgement, and trouble with visual perception.
However, different types of dementia are associated with different types of brain damage.
Alzheimer’s is a disease that destroys the brain cells, causing memory loss, thinking and problem-solving difficulties and communication issues. It is one of the commonest causes of dementia.
Other conditions can also cause dementia, such as Parkinson’s Disease.
Additionally, The Alzheimer's Society reported some people can have more than one type of dementia. The most common combination being Alzheimer's disease with vascular dementia.
The Alzheimer’s Association states that Alzheimer’s Disease is a specific type of dementia. Caused by high levels of specific proteins inside and outside brain cells, Alzheimer’s makes it difficult for brain cells to communicate with each other and stay healthy. Causing the loss of connectivity between nerve cells, and eventually to the death of nerve cells and loss of brain tissue.